Thursday, May 21, 2020

Obesity And The United States - 951 Words

Obesity in the United States Obesity is raging in the United States. America is the fattest country on this earth. It has become a major health concern. It is not only increasing at an alarming rate in adults, but also in children. The risk of obesity is serious; it can cause many problems in the body. In order to cut down on obesity, Americans need to be more aware of what they eat every day, make healthier choices, and get the proper amount of exercise and nutrition. In many cases obesity can be caused by bad eating habits, a traumatic experience, or bad eating habits as a child. In many instances, if the parents are overweight, there is a good chance that the child will be overweight as well. Children who are overweight at a young age are almost certain to be overweight when they grow up. Not only does being overweight make you less active, it also causes long term damage to your health. Being overweight can cause a number of risk factors and diseases. These can include diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and c ancer. These are growing problems everywhere in the United States. It has been known for years that being overweight causes an early death. There have been many sides to what actually causes obesity. Some say that is it caused by the environment. For example, lack of neighborhood sidewalks, or safe places for children to play, this is a problem for many. Another big cause is advertising. Americans are surrounded by ads from food companies. Children are the target ofShow MoreRelatedObesity On The United States981 Words   |  4 Pagesis made home doesn’t mean is healthy. According to article â€Å"The state of obesity† by better policies of America more than one third of adults (34.9) are obese in the United States. But why is there so much obesity on the United States and who is there to blame? We can go ahead and blame the fast food restaurants or we can blame the people itself. In my opinion the individuals are the ones to blame for the obesity in the United States because they rather have fast and easy food even though it’s notRead MoreObesity And The United States1430 Words   |  6 PagesAccording to an article, â€Å"Obesity in Children†, published through the medicine health website, the issue on childhood obesity in the United States has increased within recent years. â€Å"Today, nearly a third of youths are overweight or obese. That’s more than 23 million children and teenagers,† (Childhood Obesity in the United States). Obesity can eventually lead to different and more serious health issues. Fast food restaurants attract the attention of our younger generation and are some of the mainRead MoreObesity : The United States1268 Words   |  6 PagesOctober, 2015 Obesity in America Over the past few decades, obesity rate has grown drastically in the United States. â€Å"A third of U.S. adults are obese† (Brady 519), placing them at a higher risk for diseases, and increased healthcare spending. It a preventable nutritional problem that affects people of all ages, gender and race, with minority groups and people of low socioeconomic status disproportionately affected. It is a multifaceted problem with many issues at its root. Obesity is the resultRead MoreObesity And The United States1265 Words   |  6 Pages Obesity in the United States has been a serious problem affecting Americans and has been continually growing higher in numbers each year. American obesity has nearly doubled within the last 40 years and is now considered to be an epidemic that is affecting millions of people around the nation. According to the National institute of Diabetes and digestive and kidney Diseases, 31% of men and 35% of women are considered seriously overweight, along with 15% of children between the ages of six and nineteenRead MoreObesity in the United States1115 Words   |  4 PagesIn the United States today, obesity has become an enormous burden on both the health and healthcare of those affected. In the last 3 decades, the number of people overweight has increased dramatically. According to the Centers of Disease Control, as of 2013, 34.9% of our population is considered overweight or obese. America is the richest yet the fattest nation in the world, and our obese backsides are the butt of jokes in every other country (Klein, 1994). Obesity is defined as having excess bodyRead MoreObesity And The United States1317 Words   |  6 PagesObesity in the United States In today’s world, obesity rate has been increased significantly. Among 196 countries of the world, the Unites States is ranked 19th, and one third of the population in the U.S. have obesity. Reason that people care about how much population is obsessed is that it is â€Å"linked to many of the major causes of death in the United States, including heart disease, some types of cancer, strokes, diabetes, and atherosclerosis† (Himes 73). 19th of the world may not seem very highRead MoreObesity And The United States973 Words   |  4 Pagesbecause is made home doesn’t mean is healthy. According to the article â€Å"The state of obesity† by better policies of America more than one third of adults (34.9) are obese in the United States. But why is there so much obesity in the United States and who is there to blame? We can go ahead and blame the fast food restaurants or we can blame the people itself. Individuals are the ones to blame for the obesity in the Unit ed States because they have this idea of eating fast and easy, but just cause is fastRead MoreObesity And The United States975 Words   |  4 PagesObesity is an issue that has been growing constantly in the United States. Due to the growing number of fast food restaurants and everything becoming more and more convenient to the human race, the population has been gaining an abundance of weight over the last several decades. The United States has the highest obesity rate among all of the countries in the world. The rates of obesity for each individual state in the United States all exceed 20 percent (Adult Obesity). Gary Stocklaufer, was a marriedRead MoreObesity And The United States1334 Words   |  6 PagesObesity is an ongoing epidemic in our county and our world. Carrying around excess weight isn’t just uncomfortable, it also poses a variety of very serious health threats, such as heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, some cancers, osteoarthritis, and go ut. Also some breathing problems, such as sleep apnea and asthma. My peers talked about the difference of being obese and overweight. The difference of the two is how your BMI ranges. BMI stands for body mass index meaning that yourRead MoreObesity And The United States1960 Words   |  8 PagesIn the United States, more than one third of adults are obese. One in five American deaths are now associated with obesity. The prevalence of obesity has increased at an alarming rate in the USA: in 1960 only 13% of Americans were obese. Obesity has become an epidemic and the number of preventable deaths from obesity-related diseases such as hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease continues to rise. Despite the well-documented association between obesity and significant morbidity and mortality

Monday, May 18, 2020

Strong And Rustic Exploration Lewis And Clark - 1145 Words

Robust and rustic exploration has always been seen as part of the American character. Lewis and Clark are viewed as the original American adventurers who defined westward exploration; they were daring and brave pioneers, ready to venture into the new world. Except, the West was not uncharted territory. It was not a thicket of fir trees and wandering wolves, ready for the white men to obviate their loneliness. Yet, the new Americans saw themselves as the prime candidates to take over and do as they pleased. The west was home to the Native American tribes, who lived on millions of acres of pure land. They respected the Earth and its creatures; they made sure the ecosystem was sustained. The Native Americans earned that land. Imagine if you†¦show more content†¦When one group feels superior to another, the American dream crumbles. Manifest destiny in America is the idea of westward expansion, from sea to shining sea. Of course, it is not a purely American invention, as many regions embraced manifest destiny thousands of years before the ink dried on the Constitution. Genghis Khan, for example, loved manifest destiny. The general public’s opinion of manifest destiny is clouded by their view of the time period in which westward expansion in America began. Killing specific groups of people, destroying natural habitats, and not being decent citizens are all just as terrible now as they were then. Yet, the part of that time period that is widely shared is the hope and joy of a new country with the freedom to explore. This is because of the seemingly ubiquitous American pride that seeps into every slightly negative So what is Americanism? For the purposes of this essay, there are 3 core tenets of Americanism: freedom, exceptionalism, and the middle class. It is widely thought that the middle class forms the foundation of our economy, and that is true. Society is built upon the middle class. America is so defined by our middle class; we have teachers and government workers and writers. Every politician, every interest group, in America is for or against each tenent. It could be argued that the tenets are what make political parties, since all a political party is is a group of people who set forth a representative to win

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Best Pratices in Measuring Customer Satisfaction Essay

| Best Practices in Measuring Customer Satisfaction. | Week 3 Assignment | Nicholas B. Fannings 5/20/2012 GM 588Professor K. Mayberry | Customer satisfaction has long been an industry focus as a measure of managerial strength and company profitability (Kelsey amp; Bond, 2001). The satisfaction of the customer is essential to the success of a company. There are many ways for organizations to determine how satisfied their customers are with specific products or services. Although there are, many different ways to measure customer satisfaction industry spanning best practices allow for consistent capturing and interpretation of collected data. Among the best practices of measuring customer satisfaction, include knowing†¦show more content†¦Keeping the survey short and specific allows an organization to gauge a customer’s relationship to them. A broad topic survey becomes susceptible to customers not answer the questions or the questions may not be answered in earnest. One good example the application of best practices involves the company CDW, which uses the internet and a program called Net Promoter (Baldridge.com, 20007) to capture data for measuring customer satisfaction. CDW ask three questions of the survey participants â€Å"What the customer plans to purchase, if they are committed and what would they [customer] do if we went away? (Baldridge.com, 20007)† The responses are grouped into categories promoters, passives and detractors based on the score ranging on a scale from 1-10. CDW reviews negative feedback from the surveys and responds with a quick and prompt response to that customer, which furthers customer loyalty and increasing customer satisfaction. Using these best practices described in the previously, these can be related to the College and University sector. It has not been until recently that academic institutions have concerned themselves with the concept of customer satisfaction as higher education moves into an era

Critical Analysis Of Madame Bovary - 1458 Words

Allison Witt September 28, 2017 Literature Core Professor O’Har A Fantasy World In Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert shapes Emma, the protagonist, into a woman who deceives herself, through romantic novels, into believing her life is better than it actually is. Emma—like most things in her life—romanticized what marriage would do for her. At the start of her marriage to Charles, she believed marriage would be the means at which she transitioned from a farm girl to a wealthy woman. She believed that marriage would bring her all she had longed for. However, her marriage to Charles is opposite to that. Thus, she is constantly searching for something or someone to satisfy her. She spends majority of the novel aspiring to be a part of the upper†¦show more content†¦Flaubert use of â€Å"they† and â€Å"them,† further separates Emma from the festivities of the upper class. Additionally, as Emma is preparing for the ball, she is striving to appear as â€Å"extravagant† as possible. She â€Å"did her hair according to the direc tions of the hairdresser, and put on the barege dress† (Flaubert, 42-44) Thus, Flaubert emphasizes that Emma’s is unable to prepare for the ball without â€Å"directions† implying that she is not able to be a part of the upper-class events without guidance. Therefore, her only connection to the upper class at the ball are her clothes. Also, Flaubert further separates Emma and Charles from the rest of the guest, by having them arrive in a â€Å"dog-cart† (Flaubert, 41). Hence, Flaubert advocates that no matter how much the middle class aspires to be a part of the upper-class—through material items—they will never have the means to do so. Flaubert further emphasizes the separation between Emma and the rest of the guests when he writes: â€Å"Emma was listening to a conversation full of words she did not understand† (Flaubert, 45). Flaubert is highlighting how out of place Emma is, yet how aloof Emma remains. She is still â€Å"listening † even though she doesn’t understand what they are saying. Overall, Flaubert utilizes perspective in order to highlight Emma’s aspirations to be a part of the upper class, through her appearance and material items. Ultimately, Flaubert is critiquing the French middle-class in thatShow MoreRelatedEssay on Lacanian Desire: Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary2231 Words   |  9 PagesIntroduction Madame Bovary is Gustave Flaubert’s first novel and is considered his masterpiece. It has been studied from various angles by the critics. Some study it as a realistic novel of the nineteenth century rooted in its social milieu. There are other critics who have studied it as a satire of romantic sensibility. It is simply assumed that Emma Bovary, the protagonist, embodied naive dreams and empty clichà © that author wishes to ridicule, as excesses and mannerisms of romanticism. She is seenRead MoreSt. Louis And New Orleans1606 Words   |  7 Pagesof Per Seyersted’s Kate Chopin: A Critical Biography (1969) and his edition of her writings, The Complete Works of Kate Chopin, Chopin’s work at long last became fully available. Chopin has been of particular interest to feminist scholars, but interest in her work has not been limited to a single group. It is now generally conceded that Chopin was one of the significant writers of the 1890’s, and The Awakening i s commonly viewed as a small masterpiece. Analysis When Kate Chopin began to publish,Read MoreEssay Emma: The Character2155 Words   |  9 PagesLitz assesses Emma as being a story in which the main character moves from delusion to self-recognition (Litz 369). Litz presents the protagonist as having a combination of the external delusions of Don Quixote and the internal delusions of Madame Bovary (Litz 370), unable to rectify her preconceived opinions about the romantic intent of others with the actual manifestations of romance. Emma is deluded about relationships, about the picture she paints of Harriet, about the intent of Frank ChurchillRead MoreResearch Paper on Kate Chopin and Her Works2380 Words   |  10 Pageswrote of a woman rejoicing in the death of her husband. The fact that she pays for her elation with her life at the end of the story is not enough to redeem either the character or the author. In Donald F. Larssons entry on Kate Chopin in Critical Survey of Short Fiction, we learn that consistently... strong-willed, independent heroines... [Who] cast a skeptical eye on the institution of marriage is very characteristic of her stories (11). In The Story of an Hour, we do not so much seeRead Moreart history formal analysis Renoir luncheon of the boating party4340 Words   |  18 Pagesï » ¿ARTS103OL Art Appreciation FORMAL ANALYSIS FORMAL ANALYSIS of: Luncheon of the Boating Party By Auguste Renoir For ARTS103OL Art Appreciation Instructor: The intent of this paper is to provide a greater understanding of the selected art object. Through objective analysis of the formal elements that make up the art object and considerations of the social and cultural climate in which it was conceived, a greater understanding of the art objects significance will be achieved. PartRead MoreHow to Write a Research Paper11497 Words   |  46 Pagesworks cited by the author s last name, followed by the title of the article, the editor, and the title of the entire collection. Thus, a citation for The Heroes and Heroines of Dickens by Angus Wilson, and appearing in Dickens: A Collection of Critical Essays edited by Martin Price would appear as in this next example: The development of heroes and heroines in Dickens novels reflect his maturation as a novelist (Wilson 16). Note: If you are using only a small portion of the article, itRead MoreEssay about Happy Endings True Love8166 Words   |  33 Pagesin the first stage, ending its narrative as it does before such time-based concerns take hold. Perhaps all I have been stating here goes without saying, but I feel that it is all worth re-emphasising, if only because we are, at present, at a critical - one perhaps does not wish to use the word dangerous - moment for Hollywoods depiction of love. I say this because the romantic comedy now is effectively the only staple genre* Hollywood currently has which privileges love as its central concernRead MoreANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words   |  116 Pagesï » ¿TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS The purpose of Text Interpretation and Analysis is a literary and linguistic commentary in which the reader explains what the text reveals under close examination. Any literary work is unique. It is created by the author in accordance with his vision and is permeated with his idea of the world. The reader’s interpretation is also highly individual and depends to a great extent on his knowledge and personal experience. That’s why one cannot lay down a fixed â€Å"model†Read MoreMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words   |  316 PagesPhenomenology of the Narrative, 16 II Problems of Film Semiotics Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. The Cinema: Language or Language System? 31 Some Points in the Semiotics of the Cinema, 92 Problems of Denotation in the Fiction Film, 108 III Syntagmatic Analysis of the Image Track Chapter 6. Outline of the Autonomous Segments in Jacques Rozier s film Adieu Philippine, 149 Chapter 7. Syntagmatic Study of Jacques Rozier s Film Adieu Philippine, 177 vii viii CONTENTS IV The Modern Cinema: Some Theoretical

Moo Cow Frozen Yogurt Free Essays

Moo Cow Frozen yogurt it is also low in calories and high in calcium and protein. In fact, it contains a higher content of calcium per 100g when compared to milk and cheese! Moo Cow is the most impressive frozen yogurt in terms of calcium content, with a whopping 844. 3mg of calcium per 100g serving. We will write a custom essay sample on Moo Cow Frozen Yogurt or any similar topic only for you Order Now Other than being high in calcium, FroYo also contains all the beneficial ingredients of yogurt such as probiotics (the â€Å"good bacteria†) with health benefits ranging from boosting the immune system, helping digestion, lowering cholesterol as well as combating stress and allergies. Frozen yoghurt needs to have 107 viable â€Å"live and active† lactic acid bacteria per gram at time of manufacture in order to be effective, and Moo Cow contains 1. 8 x 107 acido philusbifidus thermophilus, as analysed by the Chemical Laboratory of Malaysia. natural goodness and a whole lots of health benefits. Live and active culture provides good bacteria that improves digestive system. The words â€Å"Live Active Culture† refer to the living organism Streptococcus, Thermophilus, and Lactobacillus bulgaricus which convert pasteurized milk to yogurt fermentation. Now, instead of yogurt and yogurt drinks, there is frozen yogurt! Which I love ~†¦ Moo Cow sells frozen yogurt of several varieties of flavours, including a weird and daring attempt of ice kacang flavour. unlike other frozen yogurts, the toppings are really healthy. From choices of oats, sunflower seeds, raisins, prunes, cornflakes, pumpkin seeds and nuts. You probably think its no fun and dull, but it turns out to be surprisingly delightful. and if you are watching your health (and for the ladies, weight and figure), how about just switch the ice cream with all natural goodness of frozen yogurt. Reference http://goodyfoodies. blogspot. com/2012/03/moo-cow-frozen-yogurt-gardens-mall. html http://foodeverywhere. wordpress. com/2011/08/01/moo-cow-frozen-yogurt/ How to cite Moo Cow Frozen Yogurt, Essay examples

Strategy analysis sabmiller free essay sample

As of 2006, SABMiller had presence in both developing countries as well as developed countries. After the lifting of the international sanction against South Africa in 1990s, SAB was able to capture new growth by expanding into developing countries, whilst at the same time consolidating its existing regional market of South Africa and in 2002 entered developed market of US with the acquisition of Miller. External Analysis SABMillers business strategies are influenced by the forces in its external environment. PESTEL and Porters five forces framework are used to analyze these factors influencing the firms macro-environmental and industry sectors respectively (Johnson et al, 2008, p. 55). From SABMillers PESTEL Analysis (Appendix A) and Porters Five Forces Analysis (Appendix B), the key external drivers of change affecting SABMiller are ; Political Threat Economic Threat; SABMiller relies on markets in developing countries for its growth objectives. Hence it has to comply with diverse set of local regulations, tax laws that are unique to these countries. And it is dependent on political stability in these countries as any kind political turmoil can have a negative effect on SABMillers operations and profitability. In the developed countriesSABMiller has to face and adopt to stricter alcohol laws along with growing anti-alcohol lobby. Economic Threat; SABMiller is subject to global economic cycles like GDP, exchange rates, oil prices, levels of disposable income. When income level falls in emerging markets, beer consumption falls. Fluctuation in local currency exchange rate will also have significant effect on its profits . Increase in the prices of raw materials or transportation cost will effect its profits. Buyer Power ; In developing countries, beer consumption increases as disposable income increase. However buyers can easily switch from beer consumption to wine other spirits due to changing lifestyle. Anti-alcohol movement in western countries like curbing of bar/pub hours along with smoking ban affects beer consumptions Competition; Even though, SABMiller is the second largest brewing company by volume and it enjoys competitive advantages in economies of scale and low prices, it still faces fierce competition from the few large established brewing companies like Annheuser-Busch, InBev, Heineken, etc. These competitors have entered developing markets and compete directly against SABMiller.. For Example; Anheuser-Busch in China. Internal Analysis In spite of being in a highly competitive industry, we can see from SABMillers SWOT analysis (Appendix C), that emerging markets is fast growing with huge potential and there is an increase in demand for Premium beers in developed markets. SABMiller has been able to successfully exploit these opportunities by entering both developing and developed markets and then creating a sustainable market by using an optimized brand portfolio approach. From External and Internal analysis SABMillers success factors can be attributed to its unique Resources and capabilities of ; Scanning Business Environment; Throughout its history, SABMiller has developed unique capabilities of scanning business environment and making strategic choices. When faced with growth constraint due to international sanction during apartheid regime, SAB was willing to diverse away from its core business of beer to maintain growth. For Example; Venturing into Hotel Match business for regional growth. After the lifting of sanctions, SAB was able to identify unique opportunities in emerging countries of Eastern Europe and later into Asia and South America. Management Skills; SABMillers management has lot of experience conducting businesses in developing countries and was successful in leveraging this skill in developed country also. When SAB acquired Miller, the group had to move from their traditional practices of conducting businesses in emerging economy to developed country which shows managements flexibility to adapt to changes. SABMillers Management are capable of developing sophisticated logistics in developed regions of USA and Western europe, whilst capable of working with primitive logistics in rural areas of Asia and Africa. Value-adding and Corporate parenting; SABMiller has unique competencies of working well in different countries and possess valueadding parenting capabilities to increasing operational efficiencies and transform acquired businesses. One such example is when SABMiller used its management skills and corporate parenting to turnaround Miller by bringing in its operational efficiencies and employee performance practices. Acquisition Takeovers; SABMiller has unique competence in acquisitions and takeovers. Its growth has come through entering developing markets, acquiring businesses and growing them. They are confident in acquiring small companies in developing countries and also high profile acquisitions like Miller Fosters in developed countries. Stakeholder Expectation; SABMiller has made strategic choices to fulfill stakeholder expectations. One such move is its acquisition of Miller. When SAB listed itself in LSE, it faced huge pressure from investors and analysts to have a presence in western market and move away from over reliance on emerging markets. In order to be establish itself as a global player, SAB acquired Miller which gave it immediate access to US market and established itself as the worlds second largest brewing company by volume. SABMiller has utilized its unique resources and core competences to address competitive challenges and stakeholder expectations. From being a regional player in South Africa during the 1990s, it has achieved tremendous growth via globalization and as of 2006, it has annual revenue in excess of US $18 billion, with more than 200 brands and has firmly established itself as a global brewing company

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Rise of Women`s Movement in 1960s an Example of the Topic Government and Law Essays by

Rise of Women`s Movement in 1960s Women were historically considered inferior to men physically, mentally and intellectually. Early civilizations, laws and religions considered women as the source of temptation and evil and seldom respected them. For example, a famous theologian opined that woman was created to be man's helpmeet, but her unique role is in conception . . . since for other purposes men would be better assisted by other men. Women are naturally considered as feeble compared to men as they are unable to perform work that need high muscular and labor involvement. Women are confined to the jobs that require less labor from the beginning of the world itself. Maternity, which is the biological and natural role of women has been considered as their one and only role, which created the saying that a woman's place is in the home (Boris, 1994). Women were suffering under these racial, ethnic and religious barriers right from the birth of America. In the early history of United States, men virtually owned their w ives and children as mere material possessions (Bataille, 1991). There were times in United States when the role of women was confined to wifehood and motherhood. Throughout the history of United States, women had fewer legal and career opportunities compared to men. Need essay sample on "Rise of Women`s Movement in 1960s" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed A legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution; guaranteed to women by the 19th amendment really gave the right to vote to women. Women, to a certain extent fought for the reevaluation of the traditional views and accomplished many rights and privileges. Several factors led to the rise of the womens movement in the 1960s. The status of women started rising right from the beginning of the twentieth century. They attained the right to vote and came up in the education and career field. However, various types of racial, ethnic, class and religious discriminations that exist in United States really slowed down the progress achieved by women (Anderson, 1996). Women never became completely relieved from discrimination and still are ill treated in colleges, schools and work places. Women belonging to certain racial groups and ethnic minorities are highly disadvantaged because of this segregation in institutions. The reformation activities for the improvement of womens rights commenced by the beginning of the twentieth century and finally culminated into the great period of the 1960s. From the nineteenth century onwards women started working in small firms, mostly garment shops and textile mills. Women used to work for long hours in those times (nearly 12-14 hours) and were not much privileged in their work places (Jones, 1998). But legislations were passed in United States by 1910 reducing the working hours and improving the working environments. More and more women started prospering in their education as well as career and found themselves in several important designations in government and private sectors. American women, mostly belonging to the white middle class became privileged enough to attend higher education and professional training during the period from 1900 1930. The revolutionary second half of the twentieth century was really a favorable period as far as American women are c oncerned. In United States, the number of professional women was just 100,000 in 1870. The reforms and legislations happened during these periods raised the number to 2 millions by 1960. However before the reforms of the 1960s women did not enjoy any crucial rights in America. None of the legislations really helped them. Standardized testing promoted segregation since these sorts of assessments are influenced by social and cultural history of the participants as a result of which minority racial groups score less. Segregation-discouraging legislations did not help women to a good extent. Women belonging to lower class and ethnicity were still under grave discrimination. Several of the legislations were found to be multifaceted and vaguely defined and women were least benefited out of it. Racial discriminations are found to be maximum to the women belonging to inferior races. Even though it is true that more and more women were occupying high paid jobs, the number of women working as managers, officials, and other high administrators were still less compared to men. Women are paid less that that of men even though there came up several legislations that demanded equal wage policy. Thus women were still under the shadow of discrimination based on race, ethnicity, class and religion during the first half of the twentieth century, even though several measures have improved their previous ill privileged condition. The highly discriminated plight of the women during these periods led to the rise of womens movement in the 1960s Women were under various curses in the early periods. Motherhood, which is the cultural pressure before women to get married and become mothers, was blocking many talented women from going for higher studies and pursuing their careers. Many academically bright women were found to be leaving their studies and jobs and joining the baby sitter duty in their homes. The cultural, racial, religious and other pressures were subduing women to a good extent. Young girls were supposed to follow their mothers path of cooking, cleaning and child caring and were supposed to become good house wives as they grow up. Scholastic achievements of women were also not valued much and they were not supposed to prepare themselves for their studies and career. The legal status of women was also too poor during the early periods. Even though the Legal Status of Women has progressed substantially since they achieved the voting rights, in United States, women were not allowed to maintain their own property and were not permitted to occupy significant positions in offices. In certain regions and ethnic groups, women are supposed to virtually surrender all the properties under her name to their husbands name even though law permits women to sue her husband and also to maintain property in their names separate from their husbands (in United States). Women suffered wrong and unjust discriminations because of the racial, ethnic and religious segregations that existed in United States. Women were vulnerable to racial, religious and ethnic segregations, compared to men (Anderson, 2006). Women belonging to non-white race were discriminated and insulted in colleges, job places and schools. Race, ethnicity and religious segregations limited the impact of all favorable reforms for women in American society. Even though laws and privileges uphold women to a good extent, all recruitments, admissions and all other actions were still found to be highly biased. Race, religion and ethnicity were crucial in all the important dealing happening in the society. For example, women belonging to non-white race were found to be suffering from racial profiling problems in United States. Non-white women were unnecessarily suspected because of the inferior nature of her race, nationality, ethnicity or religion. Police officers often stop, check, and examine their vehicles without any reason or proof about the misbehavior or criminality of the person. Racial, ethnic and religious segregations totally nullified the advantages of all the reforms and laws that are supposed to uplift women from the discriminated situation. No laws really served the purpose during these periods of discrimination. These factors pressed American women to cry for the reforms that started during the 1960s. Various reforms like Prohibition (A law made through a constitutional amendment forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages in the period from 1920 to 1933 in United States), right to vote, birth control and laws that limit economic exploitation have uplifted women to the mainstream of the society. More and more women are occupying top positions in government and other private sector offices (Baron, 1991). Legislations have definitely contributed to the overall improvement of women. The first two decades of twentieth century were very much favorable for the women who wanted to come to the mainstream of the society. Women, in almost all countries gained the right to vote in the beginning years of the twentieth century. In United States, during the period from 1902-1919, more and more women started coming up in education, career, literary and sports fields. They are several notable American women who gained fame and popularity in their respective fields. State passed various legislations in the first decade of the twentieth century to improve the working conditions and privileges of women. Women used to work in poor environments and for more than 12 hours a day before the reforms brought in the twentieth century (Baxandall, Rosalyn, and Linda, 1995). United States government, in 1920, passed legislation for bettering the working conditions of women and for reducing their working hours. Women were thus paid better salary and were given more privileges and facilities. During the nineteenth century women were involved only in low class and low paying factory labor or domestic work. However, by the beginning of the twentieth century, more and more women started coming up in the teaching and writing jobs. During the nineteenth century not many women were found in professional careers and other prestigious jobs. But by the1930s more and more women gained admission in leading medical schools. American Medical Association started admitting women members. Women started appearing in the political arena of United States by the beginning of twentieth century (Chafe, 1974). The result of the Women's rights convention, Declaration of Independence and various other women advancement legislations started appearing by the early years of the twentieth century. A great revival started appearing among the women in United States during the 1990-1930 periods as a result of various campaigns and legislations like the Union victory in the Civil War and several other legislations. However, certain legislations like the 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution presented citizenship and suffrage only to racially backward minorities, and not to women. National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and few other associations fought for the rights of women and attained several privileges for women during the period from 1990-1930. The fruits of various reform movements that happened in the last decade of the nineteenth century appeared in the beginning of the twentieth century. The reform movements enhanced the education facilities and rights, initiated prison reforms, and also brought about the banning of alcoholic drinks during the 1990-1930 periods, in United States. Various favorable legislations and improvements have uplifted women from discrimination to a certain extent. For example, policies like affirmative action intended to help minorities, particularly the women. In general, it is true that women have made giant leaps through affirmative action as women started occupying nearly half of all corporate middle-management jobs. The percentage of women-owned business has increased substantially in the recent years. Affirmative action initially served as a means to strive for equality, indiscrimination and inclusiveness. Women made giant leaps through affirmative action as they are found to nearly half of all corporate middle-management jobs. The percentage of women-owned business has increased by 57% since 1982. Affirmative action has helped several pe ople (many women and also many people from the minorities group) to find success in their careers. Reforms of the 1960s changed the plight of women. Women actively took part in numerous campaigns for agrarian as well as labor reforms, and most importantly for birth control. Women started becoming conscious about their rights and privileges during these periods. Women started acquiring a new sense of self worth and ability and started showing their presence and power in jobs and other major sectors of the society. They started becoming more committed to their career relate and appointments and even started appearing in public meetings, parties and shows (Boris, 1994). Rising importance of feminism during these periods also increased the identity and status of American women. Reforms began during the first half of the twentieth century and finally led to the reform period of 1960s. References Bataille, Gretchen M. Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Garland Publishing, 1991. Chafe, William H. The American Woman: Her Changing Social, Economic, and Political Roles, 1920-1970. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974. Jones, Jacqueline. American Work: Black and White Labor since 1600. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998. Anderson, Karen. Changing Women: A History of Racial Ethnic Women in Modern America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Baron, Ava, ed. Work Engendered: Toward a New History of American Labor. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991. Baxandall, Rosalyn, and Linda Gordon, eds. America's Working Women: A Documentary History. 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1995. Boris, Eileen. Home to Work: Motherhood and the Politics of Industrial Homework in the United States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. A Question of Fairness Ladies Home Jorunal, March 1996, p 17-20. Boston, Thomas. Ready, Aim, Fire Black Enterprise. March 1996, p 24.